Proper treatment of swimming pool water is crucial to preventing water-related illness. The Environmental Health Services Unit inspects over 900 indoor pools, outdoor pools, and spas annually and works with the Michigan Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ) to open new facilities in the county.
The State Swimming Pool Law explains facility general provisions, construction, operation and use. The DEQ is responsible for reviewing plans for new facilities and can be reached at (517) 241-1353 or at
Swimming Pool Seasonal Opening Checklist
Swimming Pool Operator Obligations
EFFECTIVE JUNE 30, 2008, THE FOLLOWING FEES WILL APPLY TO PUBLIC SWIMMING POOLS (does not include State License Fee)
- Swimming Pool Annual Inspection: $66
- Swimming Pool Multiple Follow-up Inspection: $16
In addition to the Oakland County inspection fee, make sure that all licensure fees are paid through the MDEQ.
NEW WATER TESTING FEE - EXEMPTION
Public swimming pool samples having a DEQ/OCHD issued pool ID recorded on the appropriate yellow form are EXEMPT from the new water testing fees that went into effect on January 1, 2012.
As the swimming pool operator, you have many tasks. There are
three main obligations of a public swimming pool operator
required by law. They are:
- Collection and submission of water samples quarterly for bacteriologic analysis.
- Submission of operational report to OCHD at the end of each month.
- Personnel readily available within 15 minutes.
Collection of quarterly water samples for bacteria is critical as an indicator that the pool operation and maintenance are keeping bacteria levels in check. If results are unacceptable, re-sampling is required. Repeated unsatisfactory water sample results could lead to closure. OCHD will require that pool water must be submitted for testing each quarter for bacterial analysis. Sample bottles should be fresh and proper sampling techniques followed.
Drop-off sites are located at each OCHD office. Several municipalities also have drop-off locations:
- Farmington Hills City Hall
- Troy Department of Public Works
- Novi DPS
- Madison Heights Department of Public Services
- Wixom City Hall (summer only)
- Orion Township Department of Public Works
- Lyon Township Hall
- Ortonville Village Office
Please call ahead to verify pick-up times.
Operational Reports must be completed on a daily basis. These forms, available at Health Division offices, are used to record sanitizer residuals three times per day as well as pH, flow rates, cleaning, water temperature, and chemical addition. A copy must be sent to OCHD at the end of each month of operation.
Qualified personnel must be available during all hours in which a swimming pool is open. This person must be available within 15 minutes of arrival. This individual should be responsible for testing water quality and operating equipment for water treatment and circulation.
Soil Evalulation (Perc Test),
Site & Soil Review Fees
- Pre-Preliminary Plat(Review of Soils, On-Site Sewage Disposal Facilities): $135 + $25/each 5 acres or fraction thereof
- Preliminary Plat(Review of Soils, On-Site Sewage Disposal Facilities): $250 + $25 each lot
- Plat Review 1-100 Lots: $75
- Plat Review Over 100 Lots: $150
How do I arrange for a "Perc" soil evaluation test?
Obtain, complete and return an application for a permit to install or repair a sewage disposal system. Include a check for the proper fee. This application can be obtained and returned to either of our two offices located in Pontiac and Southfield.
Arrange for a back hoe to dig holes on your property for the soil evaluation. At this time a Sanitarian from the Health Division should be present. Scheduling of the Sanitarian can be done by phone.
What happens after the "Perc" Test?
If everything is proper with the application, and the conditions on the property are acceptable (soils, water table, space), a permit to install a sewage disposal system is issued.
If there are problems with the application or the soils, several things can take place:
The application can be placed on hold until the problems are resolved.
If the problems can not be resolved, the property would be denied a septic permit.
Denial of the application entitles the applicant to appeal the decision to the Oakland County Sanitary Code Appeals Board, with the appropriate request and fee.
The appeals board can issue the permit or uphold the denial. If it is denied Circuit Court is the only appeal that can be initiated.
Does my septic system need inspections?
Yes, inspections needed are noted on the permit. If special inspections are not noted, then a final "before covering" inspection is the only one needed.
Where can I locate copies of the septic permit and inspections?
Permits and inspections are kept in our three offices for 18 years. Some local departments may also have copies. Once obtained, these copies should be placed with other important household documents. These copies will help you locate parts of your septic system in the future.
How often does my septic system need to be pumped?
It depends on usage (family size, garbage disposal, laundry, etc.). Generally, a new system should be pumped after two to three years. At that time, it should be evaluated for depth of solids. Pumping frequency could be lengthened or shortened based on this evaluation. The condition of the septic tank outlet elbow should also be evaluated at this time.
Do I need to add anything to my septic tank to get the bacteria started?
No, normal bacteria contained in sewage is sufficient to start the bacterial digestion occurring in the tank. We do not recommend the placement of water softener discharge lines in the septic tank.
Who reviews subdivisions and site condominium developments?
Subdivisions and site condominium (site condo) developments are reviewed by Environmental Health Services before they are approved. The developments that are on septic systems and private wells are extensively reviewed for the proper soils and protected and adequate water supplies before development occurs. Office reviews are conducted for those developments using sewer and city water.
Where can I find out information on old dumps and landfills?
The Oakland County Health Division has many files as well as the MDEQ. Under the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) these files are available for review. Call
248-858-1312 (Pontiac) or 248-424-7190 (Southfield) for information on how to obtain this information.
I need to take something to the landfill. Where are they located in Oakland County?
600 West Silverbell
2350 Brown Road
Pontiac City Landfill (Pontiac City residents only)
In addition, a number of landfills are located in the surrounding region:
Citizens Disposal, Inc.
2361 West Grand Blanc Road
(US-23 at Grand Blanc Road)
Phone #: (810) 655-4207
Richfield Landfill, Inc.
11145 E. Mount Morris Rd.
Davison, MI 48423
Phone #: (810) 631-2321
Brent Run Landfill
8247 Vienna Rd.
Montrose, MI 48457
Phone #: (810) 639-3077
Onyx Arbor Hills Landfill
10690 Six Mile Road
Northville, MI 48167
Phone #: (248) 349-7230
Sauk Trail Hills
5100 South Lilley Road
Canton, MI 48188
Phone #: (734) 397-2790
Woodland Meadows Recycling & Disposal Facility
5900 Hannan Road
Wayne, MI 48184
Phone #: (734) 326-0993
City of Livonia
32500 Glendale Ave.
Livonia, MI 48150
Phone #: (734) 466-2588
City of Riverview
20863 Grange Rd.
Riverview, MI 48193
Phone #: (734) 281-4263
Edward C Levy Co.
Detroit, MI 48209
Phone #: (313) 843-7200
Republic Waste Services
36850 Van Born Rd.
Wayne, MI 48184
Phone #: (734) 641-3555