Environmental Health

Environmental Health

​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​The Environmental Health Services (EHS) unit administers a number of programs and services to help protect health through the promotion of environmentally sound practices.

Specifically, EHS:

  • Licenses and inspects food service establishments, investigates foodborne illness outbreaks and conducts food safety education classes
  • Issues permits for on-site sewage disposal systems and evaluates subdivisions and condominium developments
  • Indoor air information including Lead, Radon and Asbestos
  • Issues permits for on-site water systems, licenses public swimming pools and conducts water testing for drinking, swimming pools, and public beaches
  • Inspects day care centers, foster homes, group homes, and campgrounds
  • Issues permits and conducts safety classes for body art practitioners and establishments
  • Evaluates rodent and insect complaints
  • Investigates radiological contamination
  • Investigates infectious diseases outbreaks

Download the entire Environmental Health Fee Schedule here.

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For public health safety, please be aware of the following
  • Radon: Learn about Radon sources and ways to reduce it in your home. 
  • Lead Poisoning: Information about lead poisoning and ways to reduce exposure in your home and to your children. 
  • Ozone Action Days: Learn what you can do to reduce air pollution. 
  • Mold: Learn what to do if you suspect you have mold in your home or workplace.
Food Safety Program,

The Food Safety Program provides a number of services to ensure the proper handling and distribution of food served to the general public.  This includes:

For more information, visit our Food Service License Information page.


Body Art,

BODY ART FEES (does not include State license fee)

  • Body Art Establishment License Annual Fee: $150
  • Temporary Body Art Establishment License: $50
  • Plan Review: $75
  • Inspection Fee: $55
  • Class Fee: $25
  • Body Art Practitioner Permit: $50
Shelter Programs,

The Environmental Health Services Unit protects shelter environments through regulatory inspections of child care and adult foster care facilities, recommendations for school and playground safety, and education for County residents and home owners.

We also respond to complaints and follow through with a resolution or referral to other state or local agencies having jurisdiction.

Child/Adult Care Facility Inspection Fees

  • Partial Inspection: $100
  • Full Inspection: $170
  • Plan Review (includes Opening Inspection): $300
Well and Water Services ,
Swimming Pools,

Proper treatment of swimming pool water is crucial to preventing water-related illness.  The Environmental Health Services Unit inspects over 900 indoor pools, outdoor pools, and spas annually and works with the Michigan Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ) to open new facilities in the county.

The State Swimming Pool Law explains facility general provisions, construction, operation and use. The DEQ is responsible for reviewing plans for new facilities and can be reached at (517) 241-1353 or at sissonp@michigan.gov

Swimming Pool Seasonal Opening Checklist

Swimming Pool Operator Obligations


  • Swimming Pool Annual Inspection: $66
  • Swimming Pool Multiple Follow-up Inspection: $16

In addition to the Oakland County inspection fee, make sure that all licensure fees are paid through the MDEQ.


Public swimming pool samples having a DEQ/OCHD issued pool ID recorded on the appropriate yellow form are EXEMPT from the new water testing fees that went into effect on January 1, 2012.

As the swimming pool operator, you have many tasks. There are three main obligations of a public swimming pool operator required by law. They are:

  • Collection and submission of water samples quarterly for bacteriologic analysis.
  • Submission of operational report to OCHD at the end of each month.
  • Personnel readily available within 15 minutes.

Collection of quarterly water samples for bacteria is critical as an indicator that the pool operation and maintenance are keeping bacteria levels in check.  If results are unacceptable, re-sampling is required.  Repeated unsatisfactory water sample results could lead to closure.  OCHD will require that pool water must be submitted for testing each quarter for bacterial analysis.  Sample bottles should be fresh and proper sampling techniques followed.

Drop-off sites are located at each OCHD office. Several municipalities also have drop-off locations:

  • Farmington Hills City Hall
  • Troy Department of Public Works
  • Novi DPS
  • Madison Heights Department of Public Services
  • Wixom City Hall (summer only)
  • Orion Township Department of Public Works
  • Lyon Township Hall
  • Ortonville Village Office
Please call ahead to verify pick-up times.

Operational Reports must be completed on a daily basis. These forms, available at Health Division offices, are used to record sanitizer residuals three times per day as well as pH, flow rates, cleaning, water temperature, and chemical addition. A copy must be sent to OCHD at the end of each month of operation.

Qualified personnel must be available during all hours in which a swimming pool is open. This person must be available within 15 minutes of arrival. This individual should be responsible for testing water quality and operating equipment for water treatment and circulation.

Related Links

Community Health,
Campground Inspection,

Campground - Permanent Campground Inspection Fees Only (does not include State License Fee)

  • 1 to 25 Sites: $50
  • 26 to 50 Sites: $50
  • 51 to 75 Sites: $50
  • 76 to 100 Sites: $50
  • 101 to 500 Sites: $50
  • 501+ Sites: $50
  • 1001+ Sites: $50

Campground - Temporary Campground License & Inspection Fees

  • 1 to 25 Sites: $119
  • 26 to 50 Sites: $149
  • 51 to 75 Sites: $179
  • 76 to 100 Sites: $209
  • 101 to 500 Sites: $298
  • 501+ Sites: $626
Beaches ,

The Oakland County Health Division Beach Monitoring Program for 2015 will begin on June 8th and run until July 31st.  This year the County will be monitoring 100 public beaches on 61 different lakes.

The water collection and beach surveying are conducted by environmental health students hired by the County for summer internships. Water at each of the beaches is tested on a weekly basis, measuring for an indicator bacteria, E. Coli. As an indicator, if E. Coli is present, other, more harmful and harder to detect organisms could be present.

Monitored beaches are to meet the one day standard of 300 colonies per 100 milliliters of water AND the 30 day  geometric average standard of 130 colonies per 100 milliliters.  If a beach does not meet the water quality standard, it will be closed until satisfactory samples are obtained.  

What is normally done to ensure public swimming water is safe?

We conduct bathing beach sampling every summer during June and July. The water is tested for E-coli bacteria and judged against limits established by state law.

How often are the beaches tested?

Public beaches are tested annually. Public beaches sampled every year include government owned beaches (state, county, and city parks), commercial beaches (pay-to-swim beaches, country clubs, etc.), beaches at educational institutions and foster care homes, and children's camp beaches.

How do I know the water is safe if I live on the lake or swim at a private beach?

If you live on lakefront property, and choose to swim right at your house rather than at an established beach area, you need to know that the bacteria results from the beach area do not necessarily correspond to where you are swimming. Concerned homeowners that swim at private beaches are encouraged to conduct their own bacteria sampling. The procedure is very easy and our laboratory only charges $6 for a sampling kit as long as

  1. You are an Oakland County resident
  2. The source water to be tested is located within Oakland County, and
  3. The area to be sampled is a beach or intended for swimming. You may call our office and request a copy of our surface water sampling guidelines if you are interested.

What does testing for E-coli involve?

If you are conducting some sampling of your own, you will need to know the E-coli limits and the sampling schedule. It is important to understand that random, individual samples are not a reliable indicator of water quality. We are required by law to take a minimum of three samples each time we test a particular beach area. We will then calculate a daily geometric average (different from a normal arithmetic average) from those three samples, which must be below 300 E-coli to be considered safe for swimming. Sometimes one or two of the samples may be above 300, but the daily geometric average is below 300, so the beach is not closed. Also, if you want to get an accurate idea of your beach's overall water quality, you must sample on more than one occasion. The law requires a minimum of five sampling events (consisting of at least three samples per event) within a 30-day period to be considered a valid and reliable study of the water quality. After 30 days you need to calculate a seasonal geometric average for all of your individual samples within that time frame. This seasonal geometric average must be below 130 E-coli to be considered safe for swimming.

The beach on the other side of my lake was recently closed. If the lake is contaminated, why wasn't I notified and my beach closed?

It is a popular misconception that if one area of the lake is contaminated, then the whole lake is contaminated. This is not true. Bacteria contamination originates from conditions or factors present on or near the shore in the immediate vicinity of the beach. Two beaches on opposite ends of a lake that have different on-shore conditions will not have the same bacteria levels. This is why it is important for private homeowners who swim near their house to periodically take samples from where they swim and not rely on results from a beach down the road. Since contamination originates on-shore, it is generally considered to be safer in deeper areas away from the shoreline because wind direction and wave action could trap bacteria against the shore.

 Contact Us

  • 248-858-1312 Pontiac
  • 248-424-7190 Southfield

 File a Complaint

To file a complaint, please call or email:

Food Service License Application allows restaurant owners with establishments in Oakland County to renew licenses.

Septic Application allows homeowners or contractors to submit applications for septic permits.

Well Application allows homeowners or contractors to submit applications for well permits.

Well Log System allows water well drilling contractors and pump installation contractors to fill out and submit the required well records online.