The District Court, which was established by the Michigan Legislature in 1968 pursuant to constitutional mandate, has more citizen contact
than any other court in our judicial system.
The District Court has exclusive jurisdiction
of civil matters involving claims not exceeding
$25,000 in the following areas:
- landlord/tenant eviction proceedings,
- land contract forfeitures,
- garnishments and executions, and other related proceedings.
District Court also hears cases assigned by the Circuit Court on civil matters where claims exceed $25,000.
The District Court has the exclusive jurisdiction over all criminal matters where the maximum penalty does not exceed one year in jail. It also conducts preliminary examinations in all felony cases where penalty exceeds one year confinement. The preliminary exam is conducted to determine whether or not the prosecution has sufficient evidence to show the probability the defendant committed the crime charged. If the District Judge decides there is probable cause, the matter is sent to Circuit Court for trial.
The District Court also has the responsibility for all traffic violations involving civil infractions and misdemeanors such as speeding, reckless driving and operating while intoxicated.